Acne scars are the result of inflammation within the skin. Scarring will depend upon the severity of the acne and the skin type and condition.
Scars, which are made mainly of collagen, are the body’s way of repairing itself. Acne scars are typically indented because of collagen loss from intense inflammation. Picking leads to further inflammation and injury to the skin, which adds to the skin’s discolouration and scarring. Squeezing or trying to pop a pimple causes pus and bacteria to filter deeper into the skin, resulting in more collagen damage.
Acne scars are often referred to as the following because of their appearance:
- Ice pick scars: Deep pits, that are the most common and a classic sign of acne scarring.
- Box car scars: Angular scars that usually occur on the temple and cheeks, and can be either superficial or deep, these are similar to chickenpox scars.
- Rolling scars: Scars that give the skin a wave-like appearance.
- Hypertrophic scars: Thickened, or keloid scars.
Most clients seeking treatment for acne scarring are looking to reduce the visibility of the scar for a smoother, more even, complexion.